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Birth Abroad

Applying for a Consular Report of Birth Abroad (CRBA)

A child born abroad to a U.S. citizen parent or parents may acquire U.S. citizenship at birth if certain statutory requirements are met.  The child's parents will need to apply for a Consular Report of Birth Abroad of a Citizen of the United States of America to document that the child is a U.S. citizen. 

According to U.S. law, a CRBA is proof of U.S. citizenship and may be used to obtain a passport and register for school.

Parents of a child born abroad to a U.S. citizen or citizens should apply for a CRBA for the child as soon as possible.  Failure to promptly document a child who meets the statutory requirements for acquiring U.S. citizenship at birth may cause problems for the parents and the child when attempting to establish the child's U.S. citizenship and eligibility for the rights and benefits of U.S. citizenship, including entry into the United States.  By law, U.S. citizens, including dual nationals, must use a U.S. passport to enter and leave the United States.

The Consular Section accepts applications for Consular Report of Birth Abroad (CRBA) by appointment only.  To make an appointment for a CRBA, please click here.

Requirements and Application Forms

You will need all of the following:

  1. Completed application form DS-2029 (PDF)
  2. The child’s foreign birth certificate.
  3. Proof of citizenship of the U.S. citizen parent(s). Your current passport is the preferred form of proof. Your U.S. birth certificate or naturalization certificate is also acceptable.
  4. Proof of the relationship between the U.S. citizen parent(s) and the child. Your child’s birth certificate with both parents’ names on it is the best form of proof. 
  5. If you have prior marriages, we need to see proof of how those marriages ended, and proof of your current marriage.
  6. A statement from either U.S. citizen parent and evidence that they lived in the U.S. long enough to transmit citizenship to their child. The statement you give is called an Affidavit of Parentage, Physical Presence, and Support (PDF). 

How long is long enough?

This will depend on whether the parents are married, and whether one or both is a U.S. citizen. Learn more about transmitting citizenship here

How do you prove you were physically present in the United States?

How you prove you were physically present will depend on your situation.  Some examples of acceptable evidence include school transcripts, old passports, income tax returns, utility bills in the name of the parent, employment records, military records, and medical records. The more you can provide, the easier it will be for the consular officer to approve the CRBA.


We charge a fee for this service. The current fee is $100.